All of Laikipia is water dependent. Nowhere is this concept more dramatically felt than in the high grasslands and savannah of the County where a vast majority of water is surface water.
All LWF member groups are dependent on the water resources within the Laikipia ecosystem. 93% of pastoralists living in Laikipia depend on the Ewaso Nyiro River, which runs through the area. Few have access to bore holes and rainwater harvesting.
Increasingly, the water resources of Laikipia are under threat. In 2009 the two major rivers of Laikipia dried up for the first time in recorded history. Boreholes also dried up and there was an outbreak of cholera. All this led to significant loss – human, social, economic and wildlife.
Illegal abstraction is another threat that is caused when people divert water at the upper reaches of the river for illegal, personal and commercial use. Illegal abstraction increasingly causes tension and conflict around access and use of water resources.