LWF’s Achievements in the Upper Ewaso Landscape

In order to keep Members and Donors informed, Laikipia Wildlife Forum has always reported on a set of measurements that record the impact of donor funds on key programme themes each year. These reports form the basis of LWF’s monitoring and evaluation efforts.

Between 2011 to mid 2016, LWF reported to donors on 8 thematic areas: Wildlife Conservation, Forest Management, Water Resources Management, Peace and Security, Tourism, Conservation Enterprise, Environmental Education, and Rangelands Management. The following is the measure of success from these programmes between 2010 and 2016.

Area under Conservation Management This is a big indicator of LWF’s overall programme success. The land under conservation management is the area secured for biodiversity conservation.

These are areas that were newly secured, specifically for conservation purposes such as: conservancies, community conservation areas, community forest areas and community wetlands and, for which there is a formal agreement. These areas have been demarcated and mapped and have management plans that are being implemented. It also means that a management structure exists. As a result of our efforts the area under conservation management has increased by 6.9% from 2011 to 2016 in Laikipia.

Support to Water Resources Users Associations (WRUAs), Holistic Management/Rangelands and Community Forest Associations (CFAs) all contributed to the achievement of this result.

The WRUAs have Sub Catchment Management Plans (SCMPs) which guide them on management of water resources within the sub-catchment areas.

Ewaso NyiroWater Programme contributions

  • 29 Number of LWF-supported WRUAs across the Ewaso landscape.
  • 7 Common water intakes (Catchment 711, KithaeneMwenda Andu, Koija Akorino, Ontulili, Embaringo, Pesi, and Galilee) have been built, completed and commissioned.
  • 15 Rivers that have benefitted from significant reduction of cultivation along river banks as a result of pegging and demarcation of riparian areas along the river.
  • 15 Springs (Kiambogo, Gathimindire, Squatter, Lariak, Kangumo, Lorangai, Ole Murijo) have been protected.

Range landForest Programme contributions

  • 14 Capacity building was carried out in 14 communities on tree nurseries, tree seedlings propagation, reforestation and alternative fuel forms and types.
  • 150,000 LWF coordinated the planting of 150,000 seedlings across Laikipia in schools and communities.

Rangeland Programme contributions

RangelandLWF has worked with 14 Community Forest Associations (CFAs) across the Ewaso Landscape. All were supported to create either new or to update existing Participatory Forest Management Plans (PFMP) and sign Forest Management Agreements (FMA) with the Kenya Forest Service (KFS).

  • 12 Grazing committees were formed and are implementing grazing resource management plans.
  • 4 Holistic management committees formed and trained.
  • 66% Percentage by which cattle increased between 2012 and 2016.
  • 44% Percentage increase of sheep and goats over the same period.

LWF Rangelands Programme was implemented by Natural Capital, East Africa. As a contractor, Natural Capital used a Maa speaking team to implement Holistic Management practices pioneered first in Zimbabwe

Number of Officially Recorded Incidents of Conflict Mitigated and Managed

Number of elephants poached in the Ewaso landscape has decreased significantly. The decrease can be attributed to much improved conservation of elephant populations on private lands, better anti-poaching efforts, and the better protection of elephant corridors. Other activities that have contributed to this decrease include:

  • LWF and other stakeholders, such as Space of Giants, private ranches and community fence committees have supported the maintenance of key kilometers of electric elephant fence. Six fence management committees have been formed and are operational.
  • Conflicts over natural resources in the Ewaso Landscape have been increasing in frequency and severity. This includes water (4 deaths), Human-elephant (14 deaths), Human-Human over pasture (92 deaths). The intensity in natural resource conflicts reached an all time high during the severe dry period of 2015, when 52 deaths were recorded and can be attributed to human-human conflicts and human wildlife conflicts.

Livestock numbers during this same reporting period increased significantly. These statistics highlight how increased resource demands partly contribute to this increase in conflicts.

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Policy and Strategic Planning Contributing to More Effective Conservation Management

During this same period, we also developed Laikipia County Strategies for:

  • Wildlife Conservation Strategy for Laikipia County 2012 – 2030
  • Forest Conservation and Management Strategy 2013 – 2030
  • Water Conservation Strategy for Laikipia County 2014 – 2018
  • Contributions of a Rural Economy to Laikipia County – September 2013

LWF also played an integral role in the development of the DRAFT Laikipia Tourism Master Plan 2016 – 2025.

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